Colombia

GDP (PPP) per capita (2015): 12,988.17 Int. Dollar Population (2015): 48,228,704 HDI (2015): 0.72
ND-GAIN Country Index rank 72
Score: 56.2
Trend:
up
Vulnerability 0.366
Readiness 0.491

The low vulnerability score and high readiness score of Colombia places it in the lower-right quadrant of the ND-GAIN Matrix. Adaptation challenges still exist, but Colombia is well positioned to adapt. Colombia is the 66th least vulnerable country and the 75th most ready country.

ND-GAIN Ranking since 1995

Year 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Ranking
90
89
89
85
86
85
86
84
89
86
86
85
84
83
82
80
76
76
76
71
72
Denotes worst scores
Indicator 1996 to 2015 Score
Vulnerability
0.366
Food
0.371
Projected change of cereal yields
0.946
Projected population change
0.332
Food import dependency
0.636
Rural population
0.254
Agriculture capacity
0
Child malnutrition
0.060
Water
0.388
Projected change of annual runoff
0.365
Projected change of annual groundwater recharge
0.689
Fresh water withdrawal rate
0.005
Water dependency ratio
0.126
Dam capacity
0.954
Access to reliable drinking water
0.189
Health
0.276
Projected change of deaths from climate change induced diseases
0.303
Projected change in vector-borne diseases
0.113
Dependency on external resource for health services
0.047
Slum population
0.135
Medical staff
0.829
Access to improved sanitation facilities
0.232
Ecosystem Services
0.503
Projected change of biome distribution
0.518
Projected change of marine biodiversity
0.942
Natural capital dependency
0.204
Ecological footprint
0.623
Protected biome
0.086
Engagement in international environmental conventions
0.648
Human Habitat
0.527
Projected change of warm periods
0.928
Projected change of flood hazard
0.406
Urban concentration
0.193
Age dependency ratio
0.131
Quality of trade and transport infrastructure
0.639
Paved roads
0.863
Infrastructure
0.131
Projected change of hydropower generation capacity
0.429
Projected change of sea level rise impacts
0.004
Dependency on imported energy
0
Population living under 5m above sea level
0.051
Electricity access
0.037
Disaster preparedness
0.263
Methodology

ND-GAIN Country Index

Methodology The ND-GAIN Country Index, a project of the University of Notre Dame Global Adaptation Initiative (ND-GAIN), summarizes a country's vulnerability to climate change and other global challenges in combination with its readiness to improve resilience. It aims to help businesses and the public sector better prioritize investments for a more efficient response to the immediate global challenges ahead.

Notre Dame Global Adaptation Initiative
1400 E. Angela Blvd., Suite 117 - South Bend, IN 46617
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