Costa Rica

GDP (PPP) per capita (2015): 14,471.79 Int. Dollar Population (2015): 4,807,850 HDI (2015): 0.77
ND-GAIN Country Index rank 66
Score: 57.4
Trend:
up
Vulnerability 0.361
Readiness 0.509

The low vulnerability score and high readiness score of Costa Rica places it in the lower-right quadrant of the ND-GAIN Matrix. Adaptation challenges still exist, but Costa Rica is well positioned to adapt. Costa Rica is the 59th least vulnerable country and the 70th most ready country.

ND-GAIN Ranking since 1995

Year 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Ranking
67
70
67
60
63
66
68
69
68
68
69
73
73
74
72
71
69
67
67
66
66
Denotes worst scores
Indicator 1996 to 2015 Score
Vulnerability
0.361
Food
0.451
Projected change of cereal yields
0.946
Projected population change
0.372
Food import dependency
0.880
Rural population
0.250
Agriculture capacity
0.192
Child malnutrition
0.067
Water
0.372
Projected change of annual runoff
0.506
Projected change of annual groundwater recharge
0.739
Fresh water withdrawal rate
0.021
Water dependency ratio
0
Dam capacity
0.919
Access to reliable drinking water
0.048
Health
0.231
Projected change of deaths from climate change induced diseases
0.303
Projected change in vector-borne diseases
0.112
Dependency on external resource for health services
0.001
Slum population
0.057
Medical staff
0.845
Access to improved sanitation facilities
0.067
Ecosystem Services
0.439
Projected change of biome distribution
0.459
Projected change of marine biodiversity
0.809
Natural capital dependency
0.218
Ecological footprint
0.406
Protected biome
0.055
Engagement in international environmental conventions
0.684
Human Habitat
0.502
Projected change of warm periods
0.772
Projected change of flood hazard
0.091
Urban concentration
0.635
Age dependency ratio
0.127
Quality of trade and transport infrastructure
0.642
Paved roads
0.746
Infrastructure
0.170
Projected change of hydropower generation capacity
0.426
Projected change of sea level rise impacts
0.006
Dependency on imported energy
0.490
Population living under 5m above sea level
0.015
Electricity access
0.006
Disaster preparedness
0.076
Methodology

ND-GAIN Country Index

Methodology The ND-GAIN Country Index, a project of the University of Notre Dame Global Adaptation Initiative (ND-GAIN), summarizes a country's vulnerability to climate change and other global challenges in combination with its readiness to improve resilience. It aims to help businesses and the public sector better prioritize investments for a more efficient response to the immediate global challenges ahead.

Notre Dame Global Adaptation Initiative
1400 E. Angela Blvd., Suite 117 - South Bend, IN 46617
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