Estonia

GDP (PPP) per capita (2015): 26,929.66 Int. Dollar Population (2015): 1,311,998 HDI (2015): 0.86
ND-GAIN Country Index rank 25
Score: 68.5
Trend:
up
Vulnerability 0.335
Readiness 0.704

The low vulnerability score and high readiness score of Estonia places it in the lower-right quadrant of the ND-GAIN Matrix. Adaptation challenges still exist, but Estonia is well positioned to adapt. Estonia is the 45th least vulnerable country and the 22nd most ready country.

ND-GAIN Ranking since 1995

Year 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Ranking
32
30
29
30
31
28
28
29
28
25
25
25
23
24
24
25
26
27
26
25
25
Denotes worst scores
Indicator 1996 to 2015 Score
Vulnerability
0.335
Food
0.266
Projected change of cereal yields
0
Projected population change
0.090
Food import dependency
0.274
Rural population
0.350
Agriculture capacity
0.615
Child malnutrition
-
Water
0.409
Projected change of annual runoff
0.763
Projected change of annual groundwater recharge
0.566
Fresh water withdrawal rate
0.134
Water dependency ratio
0.010
Dam capacity
0.973
Access to reliable drinking water
0.009
Health
0.077
Projected change of deaths from climate change induced diseases
0.061
Projected change in vector-borne diseases
0.112
Dependency on external resource for health services
0.048
Slum population
0
Medical staff
0.210
Access to improved sanitation facilities
0.034
Ecosystem Services
0.601
Projected change of biome distribution
0.894
Projected change of marine biodiversity
0.583
Natural capital dependency
-
Ecological footprint
0.762
Protected biome
0
Engagement in international environmental conventions
0.765
Human Habitat
0.536
Projected change of warm periods
0.397
Projected change of flood hazard
0.773
Urban concentration
-
Age dependency ratio
0.270
Quality of trade and transport infrastructure
0.415
Paved roads
0.825
Infrastructure
0.122
Projected change of hydropower generation capacity
0.438
Projected change of sea level rise impacts
0.013
Dependency on imported energy
0.039
Population living under 5m above sea level
0.121
Electricity access
0
Disaster preparedness
-
Methodology

ND-GAIN Country Index

Methodology The ND-GAIN Country Index, a project of the University of Notre Dame Global Adaptation Initiative (ND-GAIN), summarizes a country's vulnerability to climate change and other global challenges in combination with its readiness to improve resilience. It aims to help businesses and the public sector better prioritize investments for a more efficient response to the immediate global challenges ahead.

Notre Dame Global Adaptation Initiative
1400 E. Angela Blvd., Suite 117 - South Bend, IN 46617
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