Finland

GDP (PPP) per capita (2015): 38,642.81 Int. Dollar Population (2015): 5,482,013 HDI (2015): 0.88
ND-GAIN Country Index rank 7
Score: 77.8
Trend:
down
Vulnerability 0.281
Readiness 0.838

The low vulnerability score and high readiness score of Finland places it in the lower-right quadrant of the ND-GAIN Matrix. Adaptation challenges still exist, but Finland is well positioned to adapt. Finland is the 19th least vulnerable country and the 5th most ready country.

ND-GAIN Ranking since 1995

Year 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Ranking
3
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
5
4
5
6
5
7
6
5
6
7
7
7
Denotes worst scores
Indicator 1996 to 2015 Score
Vulnerability
0.281
Food
0.222
Projected change of cereal yields
-
Projected population change
0.226
Food import dependency
0.077
Rural population
0.170
Agriculture capacity
0.415
Child malnutrition
-
Water
0.259
Projected change of annual runoff
0.484
Projected change of annual groundwater recharge
0.633
Fresh water withdrawal rate
0.060
Water dependency ratio
0.038
Dam capacity
0.337
Access to reliable drinking water
0
Health
0.029
Projected change of deaths from climate change induced diseases
0.030
Projected change in vector-borne diseases
0.112
Dependency on external resource for health services
0
Slum population
0
Medical staff
0
Access to improved sanitation facilities
0.029
Ecosystem Services
0.506
Projected change of biome distribution
0.824
Projected change of marine biodiversity
1.000
Natural capital dependency
0.061
Ecological footprint
1.000
Protected biome
0
Engagement in international environmental conventions
0.154
Human Habitat
0.495
Projected change of warm periods
0.360
Projected change of flood hazard
0.711
Urban concentration
0.833
Age dependency ratio
0.348
Quality of trade and transport infrastructure
0.370
Paved roads
0.345
Infrastructure
0.177
Projected change of hydropower generation capacity
0.329
Projected change of sea level rise impacts
0.004
Dependency on imported energy
0.463
Population living under 5m above sea level
0.077
Electricity access
0
Disaster preparedness
0.188
Methodology

ND-GAIN Country Index

Methodology The ND-GAIN Country Index, a project of the University of Notre Dame Global Adaptation Initiative (ND-GAIN), summarizes a country's vulnerability to climate change and other global challenges in combination with its readiness to improve resilience. It aims to help businesses and the public sector better prioritize investments for a more efficient response to the immediate global challenges ahead.

Notre Dame Global Adaptation Initiative
1400 E. Angela Blvd., Suite 117 - South Bend, IN 46617
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