Panama

GDP (PPP) per capita (2015): 20,885.34 Int. Dollar Population (2015): 3,929,141 HDI (2015): 0.78
ND-GAIN Country Index rank 77
Score: 55.2
Trend:
up
Vulnerability 0.394
Readiness 0.498

The low vulnerability score and high readiness score of Panama places it in the lower-right quadrant of the ND-GAIN Matrix. Adaptation challenges still exist, but Panama is well positioned to adapt. Panama is the 83rd least vulnerable country and the 73rd most ready country.

ND-GAIN Ranking since 1995

Year 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Ranking
74
71
70
71
70
72
68
70
70
70
74
77
79
78
75
77
79
79
79
78
77
Denotes worst scores
Indicator 1996 to 2015 Score
Vulnerability
0.394
Food
0.528
Projected change of cereal yields
0.957
Projected population change
0.532
Food import dependency
0.634
Rural population
0.360
Agriculture capacity
0.607
Child malnutrition
0.080
Water
0.329
Projected change of annual runoff
0.562
Projected change of annual groundwater recharge
0.715
Fresh water withdrawal rate
0.007
Water dependency ratio
0.027
Dam capacity
0.544
Access to reliable drinking water
0.116
Health
0.293
Projected change of deaths from climate change induced diseases
0.303
Projected change in vector-borne diseases
0.112
Dependency on external resource for health services
0.024
Slum population
0.266
Medical staff
0.749
Access to improved sanitation facilities
0.307
Ecosystem Services
0.386
Projected change of biome distribution
0.471
Projected change of marine biodiversity
0.496
Natural capital dependency
0.192
Ecological footprint
0.511
Protected biome
0.063
Engagement in international environmental conventions
0.583
Human Habitat
0.527
Projected change of warm periods
0.818
Projected change of flood hazard
0.249
Urban concentration
0.737
Age dependency ratio
0.268
Quality of trade and transport infrastructure
0.501
Paved roads
0.587
Infrastructure
0.303
Projected change of hydropower generation capacity
0.429
Projected change of sea level rise impacts
0.011
Dependency on imported energy
0.754
Population living under 5m above sea level
0.125
Electricity access
0.112
Disaster preparedness
0.388
Methodology

ND-GAIN Country Index

Methodology The ND-GAIN Country Index, a project of the University of Notre Dame Global Adaptation Initiative (ND-GAIN), summarizes a country's vulnerability to climate change and other global challenges in combination with its readiness to improve resilience. It aims to help businesses and the public sector better prioritize investments for a more efficient response to the immediate global challenges ahead.

Notre Dame Global Adaptation Initiative
1400 E. Angela Blvd., Suite 117 - South Bend, IN 46617
Feedback

We are interested in your feedback about the index. We are also interested in your feedback about the website and/or any issue you have found navigating it: