Romania

GDP (PPP) per capita (2015): 19,925.54 Int. Dollar Population (2015): 19,832,389 HDI (2015): 0.79
ND-GAIN Country Index rank 53
Score: 60.2
Trend:
up
Vulnerability 0.361
Readiness 0.564

The low vulnerability score and high readiness score of Romania places it in the lower-right quadrant of the ND-GAIN Matrix. Adaptation challenges still exist, but Romania is well positioned to adapt. Romania is the 59th least vulnerable country and the 48th most ready country.

ND-GAIN Ranking since 1995

Year 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Ranking
57
57
57
65
68
74
67
63
66
64
59
52
46
45
49
48
51
58
53
55
53
Denotes worst scores
Indicator 1996 to 2015 Score
Vulnerability
0.361
Food
0.418
Projected change of cereal yields
0.762
Projected population change
-
Food import dependency
0.102
Rural population
0.490
Agriculture capacity
0.504
Child malnutrition
0.233
Water
0.542
Projected change of annual runoff
0.519
Projected change of annual groundwater recharge
0.811
Fresh water withdrawal rate
0.030
Water dependency ratio
1.000
Dam capacity
0.889
Access to reliable drinking water
0
Health
0.154
Projected change of deaths from climate change induced diseases
0.061
Projected change in vector-borne diseases
0.112
Dependency on external resource for health services
0.003
Slum population
-
Medical staff
0.338
Access to improved sanitation facilities
0.256
Ecosystem Services
0.443
Projected change of biome distribution
0.694
Projected change of marine biodiversity
0.482
Natural capital dependency
-
Ecological footprint
0.472
Protected biome
0.052
Engagement in international environmental conventions
0.514
Human Habitat
0.414
Projected change of warm periods
0.248
Projected change of flood hazard
0.492
Urban concentration
0.525
Age dependency ratio
0.191
Quality of trade and transport infrastructure
0.557
Paved roads
0.474
Infrastructure
0.192
Projected change of hydropower generation capacity
0.510
Projected change of sea level rise impacts
0.019
Dependency on imported energy
0.186
Population living under 5m above sea level
0.081
Electricity access
0
Disaster preparedness
0.356
Methodology

ND-GAIN Country Index

Methodology The ND-GAIN Country Index, a project of the University of Notre Dame Global Adaptation Initiative (ND-GAIN), summarizes a country's vulnerability to climate change and other global challenges in combination with its readiness to improve resilience. It aims to help businesses and the public sector better prioritize investments for a more efficient response to the immediate global challenges ahead.

Notre Dame Global Adaptation Initiative
1400 E. Angela Blvd., Suite 117 - South Bend, IN 46617
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