Spain

GDP (PPP) per capita (2015): 32,814.45 Int. Dollar Population (2015): 46,418,269 HDI (2015): 0.88
ND-GAIN Country Index rank 27
Score: 67.4
Trend:
down
Vulnerability 0.265
Readiness 0.612

The low vulnerability score and high readiness score of Spain places it in the lower-right quadrant of the ND-GAIN Matrix. Adaptation challenges still exist, but Spain is well positioned to adapt. Spain is the 12th least vulnerable country and the 34th most ready country.

ND-GAIN Ranking since 1995

Year 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Ranking
24
23
23
21
21
22
22
22
21
20
22
22
22
23
23
24
24
25
25
26
27
Denotes worst scores
Indicator 1996 to 2015 Score
Vulnerability
0.265
Food
0.392
Projected change of cereal yields
0.785
Projected population change
0.161
Food import dependency
0.377
Rural population
0.220
Agriculture capacity
0.416
Child malnutrition
-
Water
0.411
Projected change of annual runoff
0.547
Projected change of annual groundwater recharge
0.814
Fresh water withdrawal rate
0.330
Water dependency ratio
0.004
Dam capacity
0.771
Access to reliable drinking water
0
Health
0.045
Projected change of deaths from climate change induced diseases
0.030
Projected change in vector-borne diseases
0.112
Dependency on external resource for health services
0
Slum population
0
Medical staff
0.129
Access to improved sanitation facilities
0.001
Ecosystem Services
0.253
Projected change of biome distribution
0.647
Projected change of marine biodiversity
0.340
Natural capital dependency
0.033
Ecological footprint
0.327
Protected biome
0
Engagement in international environmental conventions
0.170
Human Habitat
0.216
Projected change of warm periods
0.205
Projected change of flood hazard
0.211
Urban concentration
0.340
Age dependency ratio
0.224
Quality of trade and transport infrastructure
0.307
Paved roads
0.010
Infrastructure
0.272
Projected change of hydropower generation capacity
0.476
Projected change of sea level rise impacts
0.003
Dependency on imported energy
0.700
Population living under 5m above sea level
0.182
Electricity access
0
Disaster preparedness
-
Methodology

ND-GAIN Country Index

Methodology The ND-GAIN Country Index, a project of the University of Notre Dame Global Adaptation Initiative (ND-GAIN), summarizes a country's vulnerability to climate change and other global challenges in combination with its readiness to improve resilience. It aims to help businesses and the public sector better prioritize investments for a more efficient response to the immediate global challenges ahead.

Notre Dame Global Adaptation Initiative
1400 E. Angela Blvd., Suite 117 - South Bend, IN 46617
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