Methodology

The ND-GAIN Matrix

The ND-GAIN Matrix illustrates the comparative resilience of countries. The vertical axis shows the score of vulnerability and the horizontal axis shows the readiness score.

A country with a high level of vulnerability to climate change, but a low level of readiness. These countries have both a great need for investment and innovation to improve readiness and a great urgency for adaptation action.
A country with a high level of vulnerability to climate change and a high level of readiness is ready to respond, but needs for adaptation are great. The private sector may more likely participate in adaptation here than in countries with low readiness.
A country with a low level of vulnerability to climate change and low level of readiness faces relatively fewer challenges from climate change but lesser ability to take in investment.
A country with low level of vulnerability to climate change and high level of readiness is well positioned to adapt. Though less vulnerable, these countries still face some adaptation challenges.
This interactive matrix works best in a modern web browser.

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